Autonomous mobile robots (AMRs) are robots that can navigate their environment without human supervisionThey use sensors and maps to understand their surroundings and avoid obstacles while performing tasks. AMRs can move around both fixed and variable obstructions, such as buildings, racks, people, and debris. 

The output voltages for commercial AMR batteries can range from 12V to 96V and the required capacities can vary from 10Ah to 200Ah. The average operating time for AMRs, starting with a fully charged battery is currently ∼8.4hrs and the charging time is ∼2.7hrs.