Untethered robots carry their own power supply in the form of a battery pack, which has a crucial impact on the robot’s performance. Although battery technologies are richly studied and optimized for applications such as electric vehicles, computers and smartphones, they are often a mere afterthought in the design process of a robot system. This tutorial paper proposes criteria to evaluate the suitability of different battery technologies for robotic applications. Taking into consideration the requirements of different applications, the capabilities of relevant battery technologies are evaluated and compared. The tutorial also discusses current limitations and new technological developments, pointing out opportunities for interdisciplinary research between the battery technology and robotics communities.
Keywords: batteries; robotics; design engineering; mobile robots; space robots; unmanned aerial vehicles; unmanned underwater vehicles<https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/16/13/4904#>